We witness a period in which individuals and societies demand justice, but injustices occur at the highest
level. Numerous theories suggesting the fair action to eliminate injustices have been produced from Aristotle’s time to the present. However, it is seen that these theories do not fully correspond to practical life. The longing for justice becomes a universal need, especially in this period, when the utilitarian approach colonizes societies. Thus, capitalist societies compromise many values while realizing their enrichment ideals, the higher the economic growth, and the increase in welfare, the more realization of economic life problems. This situation leads to the intensification of fair action discussions in business life. This study aims to question the potential of the modern individual to take reasonable action in such an environment where mainstream economics prevails. The study’s scope is Rawls and Sen’s works, which are essential studies in this field. According to the researches, assumptions of Rawls, who is considered a vital justice theorist of the twentieth century in the West, are seen as inaccessible or transcendent. The thoughts of the famous Indian economist Sen can be considered as more practical solutions. On the other hand, the ideas of both philosophers reveal important data in terms of determining individual’s potential of reaching fair action.