Aim and Scopes
Turkish Journal of Business Ethics is an international scientific journal for the publication of research and studies covering all aspects of business ethics and related issues. The journal’s goal is to aid and facilitate both international and interdisciplinary scientific communication, to strengthen the links between scientific research and management policy in Turkey, and to stimulate and enhance the quality of debate. Representing an interdisciplinary forum for the exchange of recent data and expert opinions, it reflects the importance of a comprehensive approach to the business ethics in Turkey.
Turkish Journal of Business Ethics is the official, peer-reviewed, international journal of Turkish Entrepreneurship and Business Ethics Association (IGIAD). IGIAD is a non-governmental organization working on the areas of business ethics and entrepreneurship. IGIAD aims to spread awareness to improve current business ethics, promote entrepreneurship, and raise ethical consciousness in the society and especially in the business world. IGIAD questions the provisions of a market by illegitimating immoral businesses; it works to construct a rights-centered business. IGIAD endeavors to spread the fair division of lawful (halal) earnings. Meanwhile it supports, guides, offers a role model to entrepreneurs who would abide by these principles, thus re-establish a solidarity axis in the business.
Turkish Journal of Business Ethics publishes peer-reviewed research reports on business ethics, bringing together research conducted within a variety of different disciplines. Articles include theoretical, philosophical, and political essays; research papers; research on ethical behaviors, case reports, and historical research related to any business ethics issues. In addition to original research, the journal features both articles and book reviews.
Studies that clearly contribute to the current knowledge of business ethics, its effects in business, institutions, and society, social policy are given priority. Scholarly commentaries on topical issues and systematic reviews are also encouraged.
The publication of an article in a peer-reviewed journal is an essential building block in the development of a coherent and respected network of knowledge. It is a direct reflection of the authors’ quality of work and the institutions that support them. Peer-reviewed articles support and embody the scientific method. It is therefore important for all parties involved in the act of publishing – the author, the editors, the peer reviewers, and the society owned the journals – to agree upon standards of expected ethical behavior. Approval of an article sent to Turkish Journal of Business Ethics for publication depends on the following ethical and legal conditions:
• Every author agrees on the article’s content and the submission of this content to the journal.
• The article’s content is approved through reviews by authoritative and responsible referees.
• The article, partially or completely, has not been published before, in any language.
• An article submitted to Turkish Journal of Business Ethics for publication must not be submitted to another journal during the review process.
• If a draft submitted to Turkish Journal of Business Ethics includes figures, tables or long text block that have been published before, the author is responsible for obtaining permission from the copyright owners. All copyrighted elements should be specified appropriately in the draft submitted to Turkish Journal of Business Ethics.
The authors provide articles of original research should present an accurate account of the work they have performed as well as an objective discussion of its significance. Underlying data should be represented accurately in the paper. A paper should contain sufficient detail and references to permit others to replicate the work. Fraudulent or knowingly inaccurate statements reflect unethical behavior and are unacceptable. Review and professional publication articles must also be accurate and objective. Any editorial ‘opinion’ works should be identified as such.
Data Access and Retention
Authors may be asked to provide the raw data connected to a paper for editorial review, and authors should be prepared to provide public access to such data. Furthermore, authors are expected to be prepared to retain such data for a reasonable time after publication.
Originality and Plagiarism
Authors should ensure that they have written genuinely original works, and if the authors have used the work and/or words of others this must be appropriately cited or quoted. Plagiarism takes many forms, from ‘passing off’ another’s paper as the author’s own paper to copying or paraphrasing substantial parts of another’s paper (without attribution), to claiming results from research conducted by others. Plagiarism in all its forms counted as unethical publishing behavior and is unacceptable. Ithenticate is used for checking plagiarism in Turkish Journal of Business Ethics.
Multiple, Redundant or Concurrent Publication
An author should not in general publish manuscripts describing essentially the same research in more than one journal or primary publication. Concurrently submitting the same manuscript to more than one journal constitutes unethical publishing behavior and is unacceptable.
In general, an author should not submit for consideration in another journal a previously published paper. Publication of some kinds of articles (e.g. clinical guidelines, translations) in more than one journal is sometimes justifiable, provided certain conditions are met. The authors and editors of the journals concerned must agree to the secondary publication, which must reflect the same data and interpretation of the primary document. The primary reference must be cited in the secondary publication.
Acknowledgement of Sources
Proper acknowledgment of the work of other authors must always be given. Publications that have been influential in determining the nature of the reported work should be cited. Information obtained privately, as in conversation, correspondence, or discussion with third parties, must not be used or reported without explicit, written permission from the source. Information obtained in the course of confidential services, such as refereeing manuscripts or grant applications, must not be used without the explicit written permission of the author of the work involved in those services.
Fundamental Errors in Published Works
When an author discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in their own published work, it is the author’s obligation to promptly notify the journal editor or publisher and cooperate with the editor to retract or correct the paper. If the editor or the publisher learns from a third party that a published work contains a significant error, it is the obligation of the author to promptly retract or correct the paper or provide evidence to the editor of the correctness of the original paper.
Authorship of the Paper
Authorship should be limited to those who have made a significant contribution to the conception, design, execution, or interpretation of the reported study. All those who have made significant contributions should be listed as co-authors. Where there are others who have participated in certain substantive aspects of the research project, they should be acknowledged or listed as contributors.
The corresponding author should ensure that all appropriate co-authors and no inappropriate co-authors are declared in the paper, and that all co-authors have seen and approved the final version of the paper and have agreed to its submission for publication.
Article Publication Policy
The following list will be useful during the final checking of an article prior to submission. Please consult this Guide for Authors for further details of any item and ensure that the following items are present:
• In the first page, the full name and affiliation of all author(s)
• If article is written by two or more authors one author should be defined as corresponding author. In the first page, name, mailing address, work/mobile phone numbers, and e-mail address(es) of corresponding author.
• In the article in Turkish
an abstract between 150 and 200 words and 5-8 keywords in Turkish and a title
an abstract between 150 and 200 words and 5-8 keywords in English.
a long summary in English between 1500 and 2000 words. This extended summary should include the title in English, sub-topics of the article, and all references (This section may be submitted after acceptance).
• In the article in English
an abstract between 150 and 200 words and 5-8 keywords in English.
an abstract between 150 and 200 words and 5-8 keywords in Turkish and a title. If the author does not know Turkish, this part will be translated by Turkish Journal of Business Ethics.
• All figure captions; all figures supplied as a separate file in suitable formats (.jpg, .pdf or .png), printable resolution and proper size.
• All tables (including title, description, footnotes)
• Manuscript has been spell-checked and grammar-checked
• References are in the correct format (APA 6th edition)
• All references mentioned in the text are listed in the bibliography and vice versa
• Permission has been obtained for use of copyrighted material from other sources (including the Web)
Copyediting and Proofreading
Turkish Journal of Business Ethics publishes articles in Turkish and English. Please write your text in good Turkish or English. Articles in Turkish must have an extended English abstract. Authors who think their Turkish and English needs copyediting may request help from Journal Secretary. Turkish Journal of Business Ethics will find somebody for this. Charges for this service belong to the Authors.
Order of Publication
After all review and copyediting processes completed Editorial Board will decide for the issue in which the article will take place. Normally the articles are listed according to the submission dates. But in some cases there may be some exceptions related with the special issues and focused files. The author(s) will be informed about this decision.
If author needs and demands an acceptance letter showing the status of the article, it may be supplied by editorial board. This letter will include a Digital Object Identifier (DOI) number which the author may need for further necessary official processes. The Digital Object Identifier (DOI) may be used to cite and link to electronic documents. The DOI consists of a unique alpha-numeric character string which is assigned to a document by the publisher upon the initial electronic publication. The assigned DOI never changes. Therefore, it is an ideal medium for citing a document, particularly 'articles in press' because they have not yet received their full bibliographic information. When you use a DOI to create links to documents on the web, the DOIs are guaranteed never to change.
Open Access System
Turkish Journal of Business Ethics has an open access policy. All of published articles and reviews can be reached at www.isahlakidergisi.com/en. A hardcopy of the Journal will also be sent to all author(s). Besides this, the corresponding author, at no cost, will be provided with an electronic copy of his/her article via e-mail.
Review Process and Policy
Peer review process is an essential component of the scientific process. Reviews by independent scholars provide advice to the editorial board of Turkish Journal of Business Ethics to choose best articles to publish. A double blind reviewing process is counducted.
Turkish Journal of Business Ethics is an international journal both in authorship and readership. For this reason referees are carefully selected from the worldwide academic community. Referees’ names are kept confidential and may only be disclosed to editors who are also instructed to maintain confidentiality. Unbiased consideration is given to all manuscripts offered for publication regardless of the race, gender, religious belief, ethnic origin, citizenship, political philosophy, age or reputation of the authors.
It takes approximately four weeks for the pre-evaluation result to be notified to the author. Articles deemed suitable for inclusion in the process are sent to the field editor; In articles that are not found appropriate, the author is informed about the evaluation result. The workload of the field editor, the difficulty of finding referees, unexpected changes in the availability of referees and many other factors can affect the processing time, but the referee evaluation process takes about three months.
Tasks of Editors
• Decision for publication
• Disclosure and Conflicts of Interest
• Involvement and Cooperation in Investigations.
Choosing Peer Reviewers and Their Duties
Peer reviewers of Turkish Journal of Business Ethics are chosen between experts in the scientific topic addressed in the articles. They are selected for their objectivity and scientific knowledge. All reviewers are informed of Turkish Journal of Business Ethics’s expectations. They are expected to fill the evaluation form and prepare a separate report if necessary.
Any person who has a conflict of interest in the subject of the article cannot be a reviewer for that article. Reviewers should contact the editorial office to declare any potential conflicts of interest in advance of refereeing an article (e.g. being a co-worker or collaborator with one of the authors, or being in a position which precludes giving an objective opinion of the work, those working for a company whose product was tested, its competitors, those with special political or ideological agendas).
Reviews are expected to be professional, honest, courteous, prompt, and constructive. The desired major elements of a high-quality review are as follows:
• The reviewer should have identified and commented on the major strengths and weaknesses of the study design and methodology
• The reviewer should comment accurately and constructively upon the quality of the author's interpretation of the data, including acknowledgment of its limitations.
• The reviewer should comment on the major strengths and weaknesses of the manuscript as a written communication, independent of the design, methodology, results, and interpretation of the study.
• The reviewer should comment on any ethical concerns raised by the study, or any possible evidence of low standards of scientific conduct.
• The reviewer should provide the author with useful suggestions for improvement of the manuscript.
• The reviewer's comments to the author should be constructive and professional
• The review should provide the editor the proper context and perspective to make a decision on acceptance (and/or revision) of the manuscript.
• The reviewers are expected to point out relevant work that has not been cited, and use citations to explain where elements of the work have been previously reported. They should also note any substantial similarity between the manuscript and any paper published in or submitted to another journal.
• We request that reviewers do not contact authors directly. In most cases two reviewers will be consulted, but the opinion of these reviewers may not reflect the Co-Editor’s final decision on an article. Receiving partial advice from one referee can give authors a misleading impression of the peer review process.
The editors of Turkish Journal of Business Ethics routinely assess all reviews for quality. Ratings of review quality and other performance characteristics of reviewers are periodically assessed to assure optimal journal performance. Performance measures such as review completion times should be used to assess changes in processing that might improve journal performance. Individual performance is kept confidential. The editors who do not contribute to the journal’s quality may be out listed. The review process in Turkish Journal of Business Ethics is like:
We assign two referee for each article.
*If two of the referees accept an article as publishable, the article is published.
*If one of the referees accept it and the the other rejects, the article is transferred to a third referee. If the third referee accepts it, it is published. If he/she rejects, it is rejected.
*If two of the referees reject an article, it is directly rejected and not published.
You can find the referee form here.
In the review process, information and ideas obtained as a referee is kept confidential and not used for competitive advantage. The submitted manuscript is a privileged communication and should be kept confidential.
• The submitted manuscript should not be retained or copied by the reviewers. Also, reviewers must not share the manuscript with any colleagues without the explicit permission of the editor.
• Reviewers and editors must not make any personal or professional use of the data, arguments, or interpretations (other than those directly involved in its peer review) prior to publication unless they have the authors' specific permission or are writing an editorial or commentary to accompany the article.
• Reviewers must disclose any conflicts of interest and inform the editorial board.
• Reviewers must inform the journal if they are unable to review a paper or can do so only with some delay.
• Reviewers must objectively judge the quality of the research reported, give fair, frank and constructive criticism and refrain from personal criticism of the authors. Comments made by referees may be seen by the authors. Therefore referees’ judgments should be explained and supported so that authors can understand the basis of the comments and judgments.
• If reviewers suspect misconduct, they should notify the editor in confidence, and should not share their concerns with other parties unless officially notified by the journal that they may do so.
If you have any ethical concerns about a paper, whether published or in review, please contact the editor in the first instance. Please feel free to contact us for any further information via e-mail to email@example.com
Fundamental Errors In Published Works
When authors realize that their articles have a significant error or inaccuracy, it is their duty to notify the journal’s secretary and cooperate with editors to reorganize the paper as soon as possible. If the editors learn from a third party that an article has a significant error or inaccuracy, then it is the authors’ duty to correct paper or provide evidence to the journal editors about the correctness of the paper as soon as possible.