Maintaining occupational health and safety (OHS) is not only a legal obligation for firms but also an economic, moral, and social expectation. This study examines the effects of firms’ views regarding OHS and
firm characteristics (size, ownership structure) on OHS applications. Data have been collected from 265
firms operating in eight different sectors in Turkey’s manufacturing industry. As a result of the performed
cluster analysis, the research sample has been classified in terms of firms’ views into two groups: obligated
and willing. No differences have been found between the two groups in terms of firm characteristics.
However, the willing group is statistically higher compared to the obligated group in terms of both OHS
applications (workers and precautions) and the benefits obtained from these applications (production and
reputation). While large-scale and foreign-owned companies are at the forefront in OHS applications, no
difference has been found in terms of sector.